TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of contents
1.1 INTRODUCTION1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Objective of the study
1.3 Statement of problem
1.4 Research problem
1.5 Research hypothesis
1.6 Limitation of study
1.7 Distinguishing features
1.8 Definition of terms
CHAPTER TWOLITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Source of literature review
2.2 Summary review
CHAPTER THREE3..1 Research method
3.2 Research design
3.3 Research sample
3.4 Measuring instrument
RESULT4.1 Data presentation and analysis
CHAPTER FIVE5.1 Summaries
INTRODUCTION1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Education in Nigeria today has assumed a very important position in the country’s development programme.
This accounts for the introduction of the universal free primary education (UPE) in 1976 and the establishment of new primary education secondary and post secondary schools al over the country.
The word education could be defined in various ways in a very board sense education could be defined at include every agency which enable an individual to master his physical and social environment of which he is a member. It could be defined as an act of teaching. It could be defined as an act of teaching bringing up, instructing or enlightening.
But for the purpose of this study ,education will be defined as study of an organized and formed formal instruction which is given in education establishment such as schools, colleges, and universities.
Education has an important role to play in the economy function is that of ensuring that the nation’s need for a labour force is satisfied. Nigeria, a modern industrializing society needs not just a great deal of manpower but good quality manpower and both the quantity and quality of this manpower are to a large extent controlled by the educational system.
Education also has a political role to play in the Nigeria society. The stability of nay autonomous unit depends upon two criteria, consensus of opinion about the assumptions underlying the system and the ability of the system to provide leaders from within it .in both cases, education has an essential role to play.
However formal education in Nigeria is no longer confined to educational establishment only. The mass media have in recent time taken a bold and positive step toward enhancing educational development in the country. An example is the Enugu broadcasting service (ESBS) the university of air.
Mass media communication comprise the institutions and techniques by which specialized group employed technological devices that is the press television radio, films etc to disseminate inform, tin to large heterogeneous and widely dispersed audience.
This study is concerned with television,radio and other mass media and their contributions to educational advancement in the country.For the TV,educational broad casting started with Western Nigeria broadcasting co-operation/television WNBCI/TV Ibadan in the year 1964, later in the same year, educational broadcasting spread to Kaduna then, east of the northern steps,
In 1965, the Eastern Nigeria broadcasting service/ television ENBC/TV started what looked like educational broadcasting with the help of the eastern Nigeria ministry of education but the programming then was mainly informal comprising what Elihu Katz and Gorge Wdell might described as extensive education. A typical ENBC/TV programme in this category was the “tortoise club – a programme for every young child.
This type of programming continued until the outbreak if the Nigeria civil war in 1966 at the restoration peace in 1970, television stations did not function until 1972, and later in 1973, NTA Lagos revived its educational programmes by introducing some foreign films on science. This progammes was meant for children between the ages of ten and fifteen and it was at this point that the idea of school broadcasting in science came up and was introduced in many of the Nigeria television stations in the country.
NTA channel 8 Enugu was the one among other television stations that introduced school broadcasting in science in its programme schedule so, in 1976 the station started a formal educational programme, which they called “science for schools”. This programme was then jointly produced by the station and he ministry of education headquarters Enugu later, the cooperation shifted from the ministry to the modern aids to education center under the principal education officer Mrs. F. Nwakorby
The format for the production of the programme was mainly provided by the center but in the early part of 1977 the educational department of NTA channel 8 became autonomous with a graduate in science heading it. And from then, the format for he production of the programme became the responsibility of the department.
The programme is made up of lectures in chemistry ad biology. It is broadcasting by weekly on Monday’s at 5.30pm and last for thirty minutes. The production is serial to some subject matter leading to the development of another. The scheme is drawn along Oide the school certificate syllabus in the chemistry and biology. It has as its target audience student in class as there, four and five in secondary school who are offering chemistry and biology in the school certificate examination.
According to the programme producers, the programme “science for schools is designed.
- to enrich the teaching of science in secondary schools, the students through this formal educational programme are encouraged to develop gateway interest in science subject which constitute a greater to higher hopes towards technological advancement in Nigeria
- To compliment and supplement classroom education
- To broaden and do open knowledge in science
- To encourage intellectual development
- To provide tutorial on curriculum subject
- To improve the higher intellectuality of the students in their filed of study.
But this concentration “science for schools ad is designed to determine whether this programme has achieved the aims and objectives of which it was established. It is aimed at finding out whether the television is playing an effective role in formal education. In studying “science for schools” the researcher intends to find out scientifically note whiter the students who are the progrmmes target audience get conversant with the programme and they are gaining anything from it to know how it helps in eying out educational development with the knowledge of what television means. That is going into details of television will help clear in co-ordaining educational programme in Nigeria.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE RESEARCH PROBLEM
Really it is believed that the medium is owed by government which is capable of keeping it good state, but it could be scale that the reverse is almost the case because of television and radio stations owed by state and local governments where equipment of these station are old, and dilapidated.
Television and radio stations nationwide have been in sustenance irrespective of the problem o\it encountered economically although with some difficulties, these problems are lack of finance for the payment of workers salaries maintaining the transmitter and other equipments so astoesure adequate transmission and miscellaneous expenses that help to make life with living such as payment of electric bill, telephone bills, provision of chair ad air conditions etc.
Due to the huge amount of money needed for establishing a television and radio stations, the government rather than individuals was seen as the only entity having such money for the venture recently, private individuals were allowed to open radio and television stations such as many broadcasting international a (MBI) African independent television (AIT),Ray Power,Rhythm,Brilla fm, etc. but with strict control from the government with these, the danger is that television in Nigeria has gradually abandoned the element of autonomy from government control and is now in the indirect or direct service of he government.
Despite this fact, the television has been able to help in development programme of the government, which gave rise to this research work so as to unveil television as a channel.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
Research is not a casual affair, research has an aim this study does not only seek to prescribe television,radio and other mass media as a channel for mobilizing educational programmes in Nigeria, it also try:
- To know what mass media is all about in bringing the knowledge of television and other mass media to the people and help them know what television entails therefore knowing that it is one means of establishing educational programmes in the country.
- To know how it helps in carrying out educational development with the knowledge of what television means, that is going into details of television will help clear how it helps in co-ordination educational programms in Nigeria.
- To convince people that are ignorant of the impact television can have on them and their community by this research wile help to check pessimistic views some people hold against television as a means of communication and to huge them to take television beyond just entertainment.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The study attempts to explain how the mass media is an instrument for educational development in Nigeria. It also tries to examine the benefit of mass media to educational development and the medium managers who are directly or indirectly affected.
It should serve as a document for those with powers strong enough to influence the broadcast industry with the aim of community development. The mean objective gives the aim chair reader of educational programmes especially NTA Enugu true picture of his society with respect to the rest of country.
To future research students this work provided a solid foundation on which further research can be based.
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
For the purpose of this study the researchers tried to answer the following question as they affect mass media as an instrument for educational develop mention Nigeria.
- What are the impact of mass media our society?
- Is it good for students living inside the school premises to have television in their hostel?
- What has the mass media done in the life of our children
1.6 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
In effect, this study will investigate whether conducting classroom education through the television,or radio is either profitable or a waste. To this effect, the following hypotheses have been formulated.
Television can prove to work in encouraging educational development although, it is the youngest of all the media of communication, it is the fastest growing media, it distinct itself with other media .
With the growth of television and radio, many homes are bond to be educated which is a plus to the government development programmes, the development media which is operation in Nigeria theory accept economic development and national building as overbidding objective be is a tool (instrument) the television and radio depend on to be a dependent means for the dissemination of development programmes of he government.
Finally the audience no longer see television and radio as a means through which information that can greatly affect them including development programmes comes from these facts can serve as outstanding facts that radio,television and educational development gives hand in hand because radio,televisions are instruments for educational development
1.8 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
This is an uphill task and it is conducted in order to ascertain how mass media can be used to prepare some programmes which will bring development to educational standards in Nigeria limiting it to okirika local govt.
Time limitation given by the department handicapped us in gathering secondary data inform of people’s view more so we are handicapped financially due to the economic state of the country and as such we were unable to get in touch with all the areas in okirika local govt.
In the same vein, we limit the page this project so that the cost of production will be bearable.
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