BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Obviously it is amazing that with a click one passes information to thousands of people in a second. This is the power of social media. According to Andres Kaplan, social media is a group of internet based applications that build on the ideological and technological foundations of wed and that allow the creation and exchange of user generated content . Put differently, social media is a means of interaction among people. This includes; Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, 2go, Foursquare, Whatsapp, Nimbuzz and so on.
Prior to the deregulation of the Nigerian telecommunication sector in 1999, very few Nigerians had access to computers and the lack of sufficient technological infrastructure such as the Internet and mobile phones constrained communication within the society. Few years upon deregulation, social network spread like wide fire in Nigeria. Its spread can be compared to the Baby-Boom of 1946 and, during the post World War II, in the opening days of the Cold War. Many Nigerians including the rich and poor, educated and illiterate, young and old, Muslims and Christians now enjoy the services of the social media. But the youth are the major players in this sector, as they have being tagged as the digital age.
The power of social media has contributed positively to the development of Nigeria youths and the Nigerian populace. It has kept Nigerian youths more informed and up to date; it has opened up medium for job vacancy advert among youth, which has improved their unemployment situation, thereby pulling many out of the quicksand of poverty. It has also contributed to improved efficiency, as many tasks; intellectual and otherwise can now be completed within a shorter timeframe and with less error. In addition, the social media is gradually enabling Nigerian youth to more effectively put pressure on how Nigeria is governed as evidenced by the role it played in the long absence of the late Alhaji Musa Yar’Adua from office during his sick days, the January 2012 Occupy Nigeria protest, the first lady Mrs Patience Jonathan Goodluck, controversial 4billion naira First Lady Complex budget. It has also provided social critics with a platform to monitor, critic and expose illegitimate activities of government officials.
Moreover, social media has helped in exposing some of the ill of the society. Through the power of social media the October 6, 2013, lynching and setting on fire of four student of the University of Port Harcourt in Aluu, a suburb of Port Harcourt (The Aluu four) (Cf. Fred Uwaifo, Aluu Four, in cnn.com/2012/10/08/world/Nigeria-video-attack/index.html) was brought to fore front. Through it equally the sincere gravity of the extent of the September and October, 2012, Lokoja flood was known rather than the government propaganda about being on top of the situation.
STATEMENT OF RESEARCH PROBLEM
The range of observation in this study has been systematized in such a way that every aspect of information and material concerning assessment of ethical consideration in youth social media usage.
However, one thing seems to be setting this work apart from others already down by researchers. The research data and materials for the work are very ultimate.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
This study is aimed at the following:
The objective is to assess the consideration of ethics in the usage of the social media by the youth.
The study aimed at identifying different social media platforms, their services, user generated content and dynamic activities on them
To find out the level of influence of the social media on youth time management, ethics, and general level of acceptable and conventional societal moral decency.
Another objective of this study is to make recommendations on how parents, various social groups, religious groups and the government can pull efforts to regulate the content and information flow of the social media.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study is very important in many aspects because the future of Nigeria, and the world at large is in the hands of those youth who are being negatively affected by their wrong usage of social media platforms.
Also if these groups are protected by regulating what they view or produce, it focuses the mind of youth towards things that will bring peace and progress to the nation and world at large.
Are the youth that use more of the social media affected by it.
Is there any measure taken to avoid the effect of social media on the youth.
Does parents, social and other institutions play, any role to avoid the influence of social media on the youth.
Will government creation of policies have a significant positive impact in the management of social media usage.
In this study, the following hypothesis were tested.
HI: Youth who use more of the social media are affected by it.
HO: Youth who use more of the social media are not affected by it.
H2: The media regulatory body and National Orientation Agency are taking measures to reduce the negative effect of social media on the youth.
HO: The media regulatory body and National Orientation Agency are not taking measures to reduce the negative effect of social media on the youth.
H3: Research have found out that parent play a role to avoid the negative influence of the social media on the youth.
HO: Research have found out that parent do not play a role to avoid the negative influence of the social media on the youth.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Social Media: Social media refers to the means of interaction among people in which they create, share, and/or exchange information and ideas in virtual communities and networks.
Ethics: It involves systematizing, defending and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.
Morals: Of or concerned with the judgment of the goodness or badness of human action and character
Website: It is a set of related web pages served from a single web domain.
Web Content: Web content is the textual, visual or aural content that is encountered as part of the user experience on websites.
Internet: The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to serve several billion users worldwide
Youth: Youth is the time of life when one is young, but often means the time between childhood and adulthood (maturity
It is assumed that the media regulatory body and national orientation agency of Nigeria is playing an effective role towards reducing the negative impact of social media on the youth and increasing their awareness on the consideration of ethics in social media usage.
LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
In writing this project, the researcher encountered some difficulties. One of which is time factor. The time was limited and choked with other things to be executed.
The problem of insufficient materials on this study and this could be attributed to lack of sufficient material. The financial aspect of this work is not left out and also being that things are hard in the country.
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